On January 17, the fourth session of the 12th CPPCC Henan Provincial Committee opened, which launched the “first gun” of this year’s local two sessions. Other provinces will also enter the annual provincial two sessions. Beijing will also open the two sessions this week. The fourth session of the 13th Beijing Municipal Committee of the Chinese people’s Political Consultative Conference will open on January 21, and the fourth session of the 15th people’s Congress will be held on January 23.
In addition to the local government work reports, 2021 will be the first year of the 14th five year plan, and the 14th five year plan will undoubtedly be the focus of this year’s local two sessions. Specific measures in key areas such as regional economy, digital economy and new development pattern are expected.
Reduce the duration of the meeting
Judging from the information released by various places, most provinces will set the time of the provincial two sessions in the middle and late January this year. However, affected by the local epidemic situation, Hebei and Liaoning, which were originally scheduled to hold the two sessions this week, have informed to appropriately postpone the meeting time.
According to Hebei Daily, the province is currently in a critical period of curbing the spread of the epidemic and winning the battle of epidemic prevention and control. In order to fully meet the needs of the current epidemic prevention and control work and effectively guarantee the people’s health and safety, it is necessary to postpone the fourth session of the 13th Provincial People’s Congress.
Under the background of epidemic prevention and control, shortening the meeting period has become the choice of most provinces. For example, the two sessions of Henan Provincial People’s Political Consultative Conference and National People’s Congress were held on January 17 for three and a half days.
Beijing’s two sessions will also be held this week. The fourth session of the 13th CPPCC Beijing Municipal Committee will open on the afternoon of January 21 and close on January 25, with a duration of four and a half days. The fourth session of the 15th Beijing Municipal People’s Congress will be held on January 23, with a duration of four and a half days, one day shorter than last year.
So far, the preparations for the two sessions have been basically ready. “We refer to the practice of the NPC and CPPCC in this plenary session. The duration of the meeting is shorter than that of the previous sessions, but the content of the meeting is not reduced.” Zong Peng, Deputy Secretary General of the Municipal Committee of the Chinese people’s Political Consultative Conference, said at a news conference on January 14 that the duration of each meeting should not exceed one and a half hours, which puts forward higher requirements for the quality of the meeting.
On the specific meeting schedule, in addition to the routine opening and closing ceremonies, speeches, election, attendance at the National People’s Congress and group discussions, the fourth session of the 13th CPPCC municipal committee plans to arrange 7 sector joint meetings, 2 special seminars and 5 consultation meetings, covering Beijing’s economic development, people’s livelihood security and urban construction.
Cui Xinjian, Deputy Secretary General of the Standing Committee of the Municipal People’s Congress, said at a recent news conference that the fourth session of the 15th Municipal People’s Congress plans to arrange four plenary meetings and eight delegation or group meetings. The meeting will examine the work report of the municipal government, the draft of the fourteenth five year plan for the city’s national economic and social development and the outline of its long-term goals for the year 2035, the report on the implementation of the national economic and social development plan for 2020 and the draft national economic and social development plan for 2021, and the amendment of the regulations of the Standing Committee of the Municipal People’s Congress on the protection of Beijing’s historical and cultural city Bill, etc.
Five year blueprint
The local two sessions are the window to show the current situation and goals of local economy. Under the background of normalization of epidemic prevention and control, the development report cards of various regions in 2020 have attracted much attention. In addition, as the first year of the 14th five year plan, local people’s congresses will also consider the plan. The development of various regions in the next five years may be seen from the blueprint.
At the end of last year, various provinces successively announced the “14th five year plan” and the proposals for the long-term goals of 2035. Among them, regional economy, digital economy and new development pattern are frequently mentioned.
For example, in terms of regional economy, Beijing proposed to build a modern metropolitan area and a world-class urban agglomeration with the capital as the core during the “14th five year plan” period. Hebei and Tianjin also emphasized to build “Beijing Tianjin Hebei on the track” in their proposals; in the Yangtze River Delta region, Shanghai proposed to “speed up the construction of Shanghai metropolitan area and promote the coordination of development planning in the Yangtze River Delta region”; Chengdu and Chongqing proposed to “speed up the construction of Shanghai metropolitan area and promote the coordination of development planning in the Yangtze River Delta region” Chongqing has also accelerated the pace of construction of the two city economic circle. In the proposal, Chongqing put forward such goals as “the economic strength, development vitality and international influence of the two city economic circle in Chengdu Chongqing region will be greatly enhanced, and the role of supporting the high-quality development of the whole country will be significantly enhanced”.
In addition, the outline of the national “14th five year plan” proposes to form a strong domestic market and build a new development pattern. In this context, many places will integrate into the new development pattern for special chapter deployment, and make clear their positioning in the new development pattern. For example, Beijing proposed to take the lead in exploring an effective path to build a new development pattern; Shanghai proposed to build a central node of domestic circulation and a strategic link of domestic and international double circulation; Yunnan proposed to build a strategic link and an important support point of domestic circulation and domestic and international double circulation.
“The development ideas determined in the national plan are in terms of the overall development of the country. Not every region or administrative region at every level should copy them. All localities should make clear the local position in the national pattern. In addition, if the planning is to be understood, it must be real and clear at a glance, without guessing. ” Yang Weimin, deputy director of the Economic Committee of the CPPCC National Committee, said in a recent speech.
Every year, the local NPC and CPPCC will also disclose the construction plans of some major projects. The reporter noted that many major projects have started intensively this year. At present, as the key to expanding domestic demand, this year’s “stable investment” will focus on the “two new and one heavy”, systematic layout of new infrastructure; comprehensively promote the transformation of old residential areas in cities and towns, and support the construction of urban flood control and drainage facilities. These are bound to be reflected in local meetings.
In addition, people’s livelihood topics such as education, medical care, pension and housing are still hot topics in the local NPC and CPPCC sessions. At present, Guizhou, Anhui and other places have begun to solicit opinions and suggestions from the public, hoping that the public can make suggestions from the aspects of education and health care, economy and finance, business environment, etc.
At the 27th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 15th National People’s Congress held on December 25, 2020, Beijing deliberated and determined 31 important practical projects for people’s livelihood in 2021, including increasing 20000 primary and secondary school degrees, promoting paid and wrong time sharing of parking facilities, providing 5000 parking spaces by using civil air defense underground space, building and upgrading 600 domestic waste sorting stations, etc.