Long-term capital Gains tax vs. Short-term Capital Gains Tax: What’s the difference?

Spark Global Limited reports:

When you buy or sell financial securities, you inevitably generate profits and losses.
Buying stocks that are up 20% provides a good source of income, but there are taxes that come with it.
Stock traders need to be aware of two major tax implications, including long – and short-term capital gains taxes.
Long-term capital gains require you to pay taxes on assets held for more than a year, while short-term capital gains pay taxes on assets held for less than a year.
Within these categories of tax effects, there are several nuances and tax levels.
It’s important to understand that depending on the length of your trade, as well as your income tax bracket, when you trade a financial security you will pay a certain level of taxes on the profits you generate.
With this in mind, you should develop some strategies to optimize your tax results.

Long-term capital gains
Long-term capital gains arise from assets held for more than a year.
To calculate whether the tax gain is long-term or short-term, you need to count the number of days you hold the asset, from the day you buy it to the day you sell it.
Typically, you count from the day after you buy an asset to the day you sell it. That number needs to reach 365 days. Some exceptions to this rule are those related to gains and losses posted on the IRS website.
There are some exceptions, for example, for real estate and commodity futures.
The tax rate you pay on long-term capital gains is based on your “net capital gains.” Your net capital gain is the sum of your long-term capital gain for the calendar year minus any long-term capital losses.
Long-term capital losses are any losses you have held an asset for more than a year.
This also includes any long-term capital losses carried over from previous years.
Net capital gain is calculated using the cost of the asset you bought.
For example, if you take a commission on a stock transaction, the money goes into the price of the stock you buy or sell.
If you buy real estate, any depreciation of the asset or additional costs associated with the sale of the asset, such as improvements, can be incorporated into the sale or purchase price.